ASAM MDX defines a description format for the software architecture and data definition of the software of an automotive ECU. The standard supports highly distributed development processes for ECU software, where software is generated by different organizations and with different tool chains in a multi-tier development process. The software architecture and data definition is typically defined by a software architect at OEM-level and then disseminated down the supply-chain for functional development, implementation, calibration, integration and testing. All instances of this development process must work with exactly the same architecture and data definition specification, so that the software components will actually fit together. Errors in communication and understanding of the specification can cause integration problems, debugging efforts and long delays, which typically occur at the later, more costly stages of the software development process. This problem worsens, if sources cannot be shared with the integrator due to IP concerns. Repetitive problems with software integration are one of the major causes of ECU projects running out of time and budget.
To solve this problem, automotive companies have defined a description format via the ASAM MDX standard, which describes software components, their interfaces, owned data and scheduling in a standardized XML-format. ASAM MDX contains the following definitions for software components and data:
This format allows the user to unequivocally specify all architectural and integration aspects of embedded software components. OEMs have the advantage that they can link supplied software with the overall system without permanently running into integration issues. Suppliers can hide their know-how by delivering just the object code and MDX-files. The object code can still be linked and calibrated, even though the sources of the supplied software are not known by the integrator. Since MDX is technology- and vendor-independent, it allows all involved parties in a software development process to use the tools of their choice, as long as they are able to import and export MDX-compliant description files.
Audi AG, Continental Automotive AG, MAN Truck & Bus AG, Robert Bosch GmbH, Visu-IT! GmbH, Volkswagen AG, XI-Works.
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