Featured Standard: ASAM OpenDRIVE®, ASAM OpenSCENARIO®, ASAM OSI®
Five spent its first four years developing one of Europe’s most advanced Autonomous Driving Systems (ADS) for deployment in an urban environment - London, UK. The complexity of the Operational Design Domain (ODD) along with the target system reliability (SAE L4) led Five to building substantial new infrastructure to support extensive Simulation-based development and analysis. Five has spent the last 18 months commercialising this platform for use by 3rd party system developers.
One of the key challenges for customers adopting a Simulation-based development and assurance platform that meets the complexity and reliability needs of SAE L3 (and above) systems, is in making use of their extensive legacy assets. OEMs and Tier 1s have spent significant time and effort building scenario databases and validating vehicle, tyre, road and physics models. Making use of these assets by integrating with their existing Simulation infrastructure — whether off-the-shelf or internally-built— can often be a painful and time consuming process.
To ease this burden, the Five platform supports: a) a co-Simulation model using the ASAM OSI Standard, offering a clean and well-understood interface to an ADS or host simulator; b) the import and reuse of existing ASAM OpenDRIVE maps and ASAM OpenSCENARIO scenarios, which ensures that any existing customer content can be reused.
The key benefit of supporting the ASAM Simulation standards in our platform is that it greatly eases the process of integrating customers; relieving any woes of vendor lock-in reduces a buying hurdle for us and enables our customers to feel the benefits of the platform as soon as possible.
Open standards are essential to the development of and investment behind an ecosystem of vendors that can support advanced ADAS and self-driving system development. Five supports ASAM in particular because they have the most relevant and expert contributors in the industry. Their efforts in creating standards for the Simulation domain helps Five deliver a platform that speeds up the development of automated driving systems whilst reducing the cost of doing so.
Stan Boland, CEO, Founder
Five is an automated driving technology company founded and based in the UK. Its cloud-based development and assurance platform helps automotive companies and their suppliers to speed up the development of automated driving systems (ADS) whilst reducing the cost of doing so. Five’s initial focus was on developing Europe’s most sophisticated self-driving system. In 2017, Five attracted UK government support for StreetWise, a pioneering project to develop, integrate, test and demonstrate a safe and highly functional self-driving system on the streets of London.
Five recognised early that the key to developing a safe self-driving system that could cope with the complex operational design domain (ODD) that London offered was efficient use of Simulation. The cloud-based platform that Five built — initially for their own ADS — enabled Five to:
While developing Simulation infrastructure to support Five’s internal stack development, the interface between stack and simulator, as to between Simulation and scenarios, could be proprietary and deeply integrated, i.e. Five could be sure to address the real issues experienced in developing these complex systems. The challenge as they pivoted to commercialize their development and assurance platform for 3rd party use, was to provide a clean integration with customer simulators (in a co-Simulation model) and ADS, without losing the benefits previously experienced through deeply integrated, proprietary interfaces.
It very quickly became apparent that the emerging ASAM OpenX standards offered a good solution for these potential pains. In particular:
A challenge for us is the fast moving nature of ASAM OpenX standards. All of the standards mentioned, as well as others such as ASAM OpenODD and ASAM OpenLABEL that we intend to support, are under active development. We have inevitably found that different customers support different versions of the standards, requiring migration paths. However, the ASAM projects have this migration support as an explicit goal, reducing the effort required from individual users of the Standard.
Five benefits greatly from the collaboration of ASAM and its members in creating Simulation domain standards that bring us all closer to Five’s vision of a world where safe, green and accessible autonomous mobility improves the world in which we live.